Compressibility of Liquid Lubricants
Direct Measurement of Lubricants at High Pressure
The influence of workpiece surface topography on friction, lubrication and final surface quality in metal forming operations is well known. This is especially the case when liquid lubricants are applied in situations where increased workpiece surface roughness facilitates the lubricant entrapment, pressurization and possible escape by Micro-Plasto-HydroDynamic Lubrication (MPHDL). In order to model this lubrication mechanism, an important lubricant property designated the bulk modulus is needed for characterizing the compressibility and thereby pressurization of the lubricant. This paper presents a test for direct measurement of the lubricant bulk modulus at pressure levels up to 500 MPa. The paper includes the design concept of the high-pressure equipment for the test as well as experimental results. The bulk modulus of water as a test fluid was compared with literature values for validation of the equipment. Testing of different liquid lubricants for metal forming revealed a nonlinear relationship between the bulk modulus and the pressure.
To know more about the topic, please read the following publications
Hafis, S. M., Christiansen, P., Martins, P. A. F., & Bay, N. (2016). Determination of lubricant bulk modulus in metal forming by means of a simple laboratory test and inverse FEM analysis. In 7th International Conference on Tribology in Manufacturing Processes (ICTMP 2016) (pp. 316-323).
Sulaiman, M. H., Christiansen, P., & Bay, N. (2018, September). Measurement of compressibility by means of pressure-bulk modulus relationship for low-to-high viscosity oils. In Proceedings of Asia International Conference on Tribology 2018 (Vol. 2018, pp. 409-410). Malaysian Tribology Society.
Sulaiman, M. H., Christiansen, P., & Bay, N. (2019). An experimental compression test of lubricants with direct measurement of lubricant pressure build-up. Jurnal Tribologi, 20, 51-64.